Patricia Stokes

Patricia Stokes

Adjunct Professor


First Year Foundation, Psychology


415L Milbank Hall
Wed, 3-4pm, and by appointment


Michigan State , Honors College, BA social science

Pratt Institute, MFA  painting and graphics

Columbia University, PhD . psychology

Stokes, P.D. (2016).  Thinking in patterns to solve multiplication, division, and fraction problems in second grade.  Journal of Mathematics Education at Teachers College, 7, 1-10.

Stokes, P.D. (2014).  Using a creativity model to solve the place-value problem in kindergarten.  International Journal of Creativity and Problem Solving, 24, 101-122.

Stokes, P.D. (2014).  Crossing disciplines: A constraint-based model of the creative/innovation process.  The Journal of Product Innovation Management, 31, 247-258.

Stokes, P.D. (2009).  Using constraints to create novelty: A case study.  Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity and the Arts, 3, 174-180.

Stokes, P.D. (2014). Thinking inside the box: Creativity, constraints, and the colossal portraits of Chuck Close.  The Journal of Creative Behavior, DOI:10.1002/jocb.52

Stokes, P.D., Lai, B., Rigsbee, E., & Cherrick, D. (2008).  Effects of practice on variability.  Effects of variability on transfer.  Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 34, 640-659.

Stokes, P.D. (2006).  Creativity from Constraints: The Psychology of Breakthrough.  NY:Springer.


Creativity from Constraints in the Performing Arts

Using Paired Constraints to Solve the Innovation Problem